The Ashaninka are the largest indigenous group in the Peruvian Amazon. They have a long history of resistance against invaders since the times of the Incas and the boom of the rubber extraction in the beginning of the 19th century. During Peru's internal war in the 80’s and 90’s around 6000 Ashaninka were killed, 5000 enslaved and 10000 forcibly displaced.
The last years the threat of displacement from their land has revived due to the proposed building of the Pakitzapango dam in the Ene River, which would displace some 10000 Ashaninka from their territories. Fortunately the project was stopped through a legal action presented by the Ashaninka organization CARE.